On our farm we have to flocks of laying hens. Each flock has a different coop.
Here is the first coop…
Here is the second coop…
Even though it is cold outside it is time to start thinking about this year’s garden. Whoo, Hoo!!! To me there is something so rewarding about growing your own food. I love watching the seeds come to life when they first sprout and then harvesting the fruit. In all my years of gardening it still amazes me that something as small as a seed can produce something so wonderful.
Now is the time to get some seeds started indoors so that you will have plants that are ready to plant in the garden in the spring. Starting seed yourself can save you lots of money and allows you the opportunity to grow more varieties since you will not be limited to the types offered at your local nursery. Starting seeds seems to intimidate lots of people, but it is really quit simple. You just need to get a few supplies.
Seeds need dirt, moisture, and in many cases, heat to germinate. I highly recommend that you purchase a heat mat designed for starting seed. I would not use a heating pad that you get at your local drug store. You are going to be adding water to seed trays and you want a mat that is designed to withstand moisture. You can normally get a small one for around $20. If you don’t want to purchase a heat mat I have heard of people having great success with putting their seed trays on top of their refrigerator.
This is the heat mat that I use.
You will also need…
Seed starting trays, potting mix made for germination,water, seeds and plastic wrap.
We use a germinating mix made by Fafard. I do not recommend using regular potting soil. In order for seeds to germinate they need constant contact with loose soil. There is a local nursery near me that uses Fafard products and they sell me the bags I need.
Now you need to choose a location in your home that gets lots of sunlight. If you don’t have a sunny location don’t fret. Even though we have a rather sunny spot in our dining room I still use a fluorescent light to help the plants grow properly. You do not need the sunlight to get the seeds to germinate, but once they sprout they need lots of light. I normally set up a shelf that can hold the heat mat, a few seed trays, and a fluorescent light.
Here is what my current greenhouse set-up looks like.
Make sure that your shelves are wire, not solid, so that the light can get to the plants. If you are planning a small garden then obviously you will not need all the shelf space that I have. Since we plant hundreds of plants I have to start lots of seeds.
Here is another look at the shelves with some seed trays.
The light is just a cheap, metal fluorescent light that you can pick up from your local hardware store like Lowe’s or Home Depot. I just lay it across the top and let the pull chain that turns it off and on hang through one of the square openings in the top shelf.
Sowing the seeds is very easy.
First, fill your trays full of dirt.
Next, make a hole that is no deeper than two times the size of the seed. I normally use a sharpened pencil to make the holes. Drop the seed in the hole and cover with soil. I normally sow two seeds per hole. You will have to thin the plants if both sprout, but this way you can almost guarantee you will have a plant in each cell. Of course you can wait and see if they all sprout and if they don’t put another seed in the cell that didn’t. I don’t like to do this because I end up with plants of different ages in the same flat. This can be a pain when it comes time for planting.
Water well but do not soak the soil. You want the soil to be damp but not soaked, so that the seeds do not rot.
Cover the tray with plastic wrap and place on your heat mat for twenty-four hours.
The plastic wrap and heat mat are going to create greenhouse conditions. After twenty-four hours, take the tray off of the heat mat, but leave the plastic wrap on the tray. Once the seedlings sprout, remove the plastic wrap completely. You can start multiple trays at once even if you only have a heat mat that will only hold one tray. What I do is sow all the seed that needs to be sown on that day, and every twenty-four hours place a new tray on the mat. Some people like to leave the trays on heat mats until they sprout. I haven’t found this to be necessary. A day on the heat mat normally warms the soil enough to activate germination.
One question that I am asked frequently is, “When do I sow the seeds?” The first thing you need to do is find out what the last anticipated frost date is for your area. We are in Zone 7, and our last anticipated frost date is April 17. You can find out this date by contacting your local agricultural extension office. This date is very important because there are many plants (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants) that cannot live through a frost. Once you know this date then you need to look at the seed you are going to plant and you need to know how many days it will take to mature. Most packets list a “Days to Maturity” on the packet. This is how many days it will take from the time the seed is first sown to the time it will have fruit ready to harvest. Do not get this confused with the “Days to Germination”. Once you know how many days it will take to mature then you can determine when you can sow your seeds. A general rule for starting seed indoors is to sow them six to eight weeks before the last frost. For my area this is during February and March. I start early season vegetables like broccoli and cabbage the last week of January. I sow all of my tomatoes and peppers around February 8, making sure that I have all of them started by Valentine’s Day.
There are some seeds that are sown directly into the garden like carrots, radishes, corn, green beans, pumpkins, etc. This is where your days to germination are important because you don’t want to sow green beans and have them sprout when it frosts. There are some plants that can tolerate frost, like spinach and cabbage, but not many. A great catalog and gardening guide that I recommend is the one from Southern Exposure Seed Exchange. They also have some great growing information online.
We order most of our seeds from them and their catalog is full of very helpful information. I highly recommend requesting one.
In the next few days I will be sharing what to do with your seedlings once they sprout. Between now and then, get out there and get some seeds planted. You will be glad you did.
We processed our last batch of chickens this past weekend. Our broilers were exactly eight weeks and four days old on processing day. We started early; around 5:00am we filled the scalder with water and got it going so that the water would be hot enough by 7:00am. While the water was heating we had breakfast, drank coffee, set up the rest of the equipment and greeted friends as they arrived to lend us some much appreciated helping hands.
As soon as it was day light, the boys started filling crates with chickens and we were ready to begin.
Here is a picture of my husband holding one of the birds before it went into a kill cone.
Broiler chicken getting ready to go into the kill cone.
All of our equipment is from The Featherman company. I will show you our set-up.
I have left out the pictures of the actual processing, but I do feel that is important for everyone to know where their food comes from.
First, the chickens go head first into the kill cones.
Next, the chickens go into the scalder.
The chickens are then placed in the plucker. I tell everyone that wants to raise and process their own chickens that if there is one piece of equipment that you must have; this is it! This machine will have the feathers off of four chickens within thirty seconds.
When they come out of the plucker they go onto the evisceration table.
Once the chickens are eviscerated they go into tubs that hold what we call “pink water” (this is their first soak in water) and then they go into our large chill tank and stay there until we pack them with ice in coolers to “rest” before packaging.
On this day we processed 151 chickens and 10 turkeys. We started at 7:00am and finished at 1:00pm. We had wonderful friends that came out to help us.
If you have any questions about the processing, please ask. And if you are interested in raising and processing your own chickens be sure and visit the Featherman Company’s website. It is a small business right here in the USA!
The broilers have reached seven weeks of age. Technically, they are 7 1/2 weeks old if you are going by the day that I am writing this post. We have been so busy around here this week that I couldn’t get the post written earlier.
Next Saturday we will be processing the chickens and our pasture-raised turkeys. I have a post coming up next week about our turkeys.
Here is a picture of the chickens.
As usual, we move them every morning to fresh pasture. Now that we are in the last week before processing (butchering) we will move them twice a day. Their feed consumption goes up and what goes in must come out. We never want our chickens spending lengthy amounts of time in their waste and we want to make sure they have ample amount of grazing time. I love to watch them scratch around in the ground and eat bugs. Chickens were never designed to be confined indoors.
Here they are around the waterer.
It is a lot of work to raise happy, healthy, vaccine and antibiotic free chickens but so worth it.
The broilers are now five weeks old.
This chicken decided to get up on one of the beams of the coop and hitch a ride while we moved the coop.
Moving our coops is easy with the dolly. We place the dolly on one end, lift up and slide it under the pen.
We then go to the opposite side of the pen and pull.
Handles are on the front and back of the pens for easy moving.
We currently have 150 chickens on pasture. We have these chickens divided among three pens to allow for ample amount of feeder and grazing space.
We have a Bell waterer on two pens and a homemade bucket waterer in one pen. Both work well. The pens are moving towards the woods. If you look close, you can see that I was standing where the pens had been a few days before. Our chickens are on green grass, out in the sunshine and fresh air and fertilizing our pastures all at once. It is a lot of work to move pens every morning but so worth it.
The chickens are growing. Here is what they look like this week.
Four-week old broiler chick.
They love being moved to fresh grass each day.
This is a picture of them inside the pen.
The fresh grass, sunshine and fresh air keeps our chickens happy and healthy.
Sorry for the short post, but we have been extremely busy around the farm. I will be sharing some of our projects.
Hope everyone has a great week!
I am technically three days late on this post, so please forgive me. We have been very busy. We started back to school this week, built a new turkey roost ( I will have a post about this soon) and began work on a coop for our new batch of laying hens. Busy, busy, busy! But we are happy, happy, happy. Don’t you just love Si?
Anyway…back to my post.
Here is what one of our broiler chicks looks like now.
Three week old Cornish Cross chick.
They are starting to get more feathers and less fuzz.
In case you have forgotten what they looked like three weeks ago…
Day old Cornish Cross chick.
They are growing like weeds and eating like little pigs.
They have been weaned off of the heat lamps and are out on pasture. We move the pens every morning to give the chicks access to fresh grass. We did have to put three of the smallest chicks back into the brooder so that they would not be trampled to death. When you raise chickens, a brooder makes a great hospital.
We let these little guys out when we are outside so that we can keep an eye on them. Once they get a little bigger we will integrate them back into the flock.
Here are the others enjoying the grass.
I love seeing and hearing happy little chicks.